What are Antibiotics?
Antibiotics (from Greek means bĺos – life) are substances of biological origin, synthesized by microorganisms, which tend to both inhibit growth of pathogenic microorganisms, and completely destroy them.
100 years ago people died of diseases such as meningitis, pneumonia and many other infectious diseases. Their deaths were caused by absence of any antimicrobial agents. It turns out that antibiotics have saved people from extinction. Exactly with their help, it is managed to reduce mortality rate of patients with different infectious diseases in hundreds, and sometimes thousands of times.
Nowadays, it is created over 200 antimicrobial agents, among which more than 150 antibiotics are used for children’ treatment. Their intellectual names often confound people having no relation to medicine. How to understand sense in abundance of fancy terms? All antibiotics are divided into groups – depending on method of exposure to microorganisms:
- The first group – bactericidal antibiotics, they work on microbes, destroying them.
- The second group – bacteriostatic antibiotics, they inhibit bacteria growth.
Read the difference benween bactericidal and bacteriostatic antibiotics on http://cid.oxfordjournals.org/.
When it is Necessary to Give a Child Antibiotics?
If you suspect some sort of infectious disease, the first person you have to report it – a doctor. It is he who will help you to determine what happened and will establish diagnosis. The disease can be treated properly only when it is properly diagnosed! That’s why you need doctor to:
- assign required antibiotic;
- determine dosage and mode of administration;
- make recommendations on treatment and reception;
- inform about antibiotics possible side effects.
It is important that treatment should be prescribed by a doctor, as soon as he can adequately assess:
- child’s condition;
- disease’s severity;
- to minimize complications’ possibility.
Then you can order required medications via My Canadian Pharmacy online and treat your child till complete recovery.
For How long to Take Antibiotics?
In most acute diseases antibiotics are given within 2-3 days after temperature drops, but there are exceptions. Thus, otitis is usually treated with Amoxicillin during 7-10 days, and sore throat – at least 10 days, otherwise relapse can be observed.
In what form is it better to Give a Child Antibiotic?
It is available antibiotics forms for children. This tablet can be soluble, they are easy to take with tea or milk, syrup or granules for suspension. Often they have pleasant aroma and taste that does not cause negative emotions in a child.
Antibiotics and Disbacteriosis – Go Hand in Hand?
Since antibiotics inhibit normal flora of body, they can cause overgrowth, i.e. reproduction of pathogenic bacteria or fungi not peculiar to intestines. However, only in rare cases, this bacteria overgrowth is dangerous: when courses of antibiotic treatment are short, disbacteriosis manifestations are extremely rare. So antifungal and bacterial drugs are used for disbacteriosis prevention only in cases of prolonged treatment with multiple drugs of broad antibacterial spectrum.
What Side Effects are Possible when Taking Antibiotics?
The dangers associated with taking antibiotics, are often exaggerated, but to remember them is always necessary. There is another danger when taking antibiotics exactly allergy. Some people (including infants) are allergic to penicillin and other antibiotics.
The following reactions may appear:
- anaphylactic shock;
If your child has already observed a reaction to particular antibiotic, it is necessary to be sure to tell your doctor and it is easy to choose some substitute. Particularly frequent allergic reaction appear in cases when antibiotic is given to patient suffering from a disease of nonbacterial (viral) nature.
It is a fact, many bacterial infections decrease patient’s “allergic readiness”, which reduces risk of antibiotic response.
The most serious adverse events include organs and systems disorders, developing under influence of certain drugs. That is why only well-studied for many years antibiotics are authorized for use in children of younger age groups and during pregnancy.
Dangerous for children antibiotics can be called:
- aminoglycosides (streptomycin, gentamicin, etc.) that can cause kidney damage and deafness;
- tetracyclines (doxycycline) colour enamel of growing teeth, they should be given to children only after 8 years;
- fluoroquinolones (norfloxacin, ciprofloxacin) are not indicated for children because of risk of dysplasia, they are given only for health reasons.
Do I Need Antibiotics in ARVI (Acute Respiratory Infection) Treatment?
Antibiotics can cure disease caused by bacteria, fungi and protozoaires, but not viruses. Is it necessary to apply antibiotics with each episode of disease? Parents need to understand that natural frequency of respiratory tract infections in preschool children is of 6 – 10 episodes a year and antibiotics for each infection episode is exorbitant burden on child’s body.
It is known that acute rhinitis and acute bronchitis are almost always caused by viruses, and tonsillitis, acute otitis media and sinusitis in a significant proportion of cases – bacterial diseases. Therefore, acute rhinitis (runny nose) and bronchitis are not treated by antibiotics. There is absolutely no justification to prescribe antibiotics for viral infections even if high temperature preserves within 3 days.
A typical variant of virus infection is also preservation of cough on the background of improved general condition and body temperature normalization. Keep in mind that antibiotics are not antitussives. Parents in this situation have ample scope for traditional antitussives application. Coughing is a natural defense mechanism, it disappears the last of all disease’s symptoms.
Antibiotics are an achievement of civilization from which we must not give up, but they should be used wisely, only under medical supervision, and strictly according to the testimony!